Zulu Verb List With Tones

created and maintained by Leston Buell

last revised October 9, 2004

Here follows a list of almost 1,500 Zulu verb roots. The data here comes from sessions held with my consultant in South Africa. There will certainly be some errors in this data. In particular, there are some entries which show both a high-toned and toneless form. These probably indicate conflicting results I obtained in different sessions. Doubts on my part are noted with remarks such as "RECHECK" or "TONE???". In spite of the fact that this list will contain some flaws, it is deemed useful because there are scant sources for lexical tone in Zulu. The two monolingual Zulu dictionaries which indicate tone use the imperative form as the diagnostic, which gives the false impression that all verb stems of three or more syllables are high-toned.

High-toned verbs are indicated with an accute accent on the penultimate syllable, such as bna "to see". Toneless verbs are indicated with a grave accent on the penultimate syllable, as in phka "to cook".

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a
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b
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c
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d
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e
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f
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g
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h
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j
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k
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l
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m
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n
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o
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p
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q
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s
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t
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v
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w
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x
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y
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z